Born in Liaoning Province. Liu graduated from fine arts in the Oil Painting Department, China Central Academy of Fine Arts(CAFA) in 1988. In 1995, he received master degree in fine arts in oil Painting of CAFA. He has been teaching in CAFA. Primary exhibitions: "Towards a New Image - 1981-2001 Twenty Years of Contemporary Chinese Painting" , Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, 2001; "Liu Xiao Dong" , Art Center of Donghai University, Taiwan, 2002; "Alors, La Chine?", Centre Pompidou, Paris,2003; "Dreaming of the Dragon's Nation - Contemporary Art Exhibition from China", Irish, 2004; "Wang Guangle, Yin Chaoyang, Men Xinxi, Xia Xiaowan, Liu Xiaodong Art Show", Beijing, 2005; "The Three Gorges Project - Painting by Liu Xiaodong", San Francisco, 2006.